Tetanus shots are needed to protect you from tetanus. For the best defense, you should get a shot once every ten years. A study by the Mayo Clinic shows that nearly 40% of these cases can be fatal, which is why it is so important to get shots. If you get the vaccination, the infection can be prevented.
Initial Vaccination Shots
Usually children get their first vaccination at two of months of age, 4 months, 6 months and around 15 to 18 months. Children also get shots when they are between 4 to 6 years old, while some get them between 11 and 12 years of age.
If you are an adult and have never received a shot, your first vaccinations will consist of a series of 3 shots. Adults need to get a shot every 10 years.
The shots are administered at the anterolateral thigh muscle in young children. In adults and older kids, it is given at the deltoid muscle.
Potential Tetanus Shot Side Effects
Most children do not experience any side effects after getting the vaccine. Babies will cry after getting the shot, but that is normal. Other side effects experienced by children include vomiting, high fever, feeling tired and lack of appetite.
The most common side effect is swelling in the area where the injection was administered. In very rare cases (about 1%), people experience severe side effects like brain damage, convulsions, and going into a coma. Some also experience difficulty in breathing or get high fever. Some people suffer from diarrhea and muscle aches.
Diarrhea and stomach aches should disappear in a day. If they persist, it could be an allergic reaction. If that is the case, see your doctor. If you experience any of the other severe symptoms, visit your health provider immediately.
The shots are 100% effective in preventing tetanus from occurring.
Diptheria vaccination is almost always given along with tetanus vaccination. As these two are combined in one shot, the injection has come to be known as “Td”, “DT,” “DTaP” or Tdap”. The p refers to pertussis, or whooping cough. The inclusion of pertussis antigens distinguishes it from the DT vaccines.
Children up to seven years old can get DTaP or DT vaccines. Kids 7 to 8 years old can receive Td vaccine, assuming their DT/DTaP series were not completed. Older kids and adults can get Td vaccine. Individuals 10 to 64 years old get the Tdap vaccine.
Infants and Older Children
Babies should obtain four doses of vaccine vs. pertussis and diphtheria before they reach 18 months of age. Older children can receive a tetanus-diphtheria vaccine booster dose between 4 to 6 years.
Pre-teens (11 to 12 years of age) should get another diphtheria-tetanus-containing vaccine (Tdap). Individuals between 13 to 18 years old that have not gotten a Tdap will require a single dose.
The efficiency of the tetanus shot has been proven so there is no reason not to get it. By getting the appropriate shots, you will be shielded from this potentially fatal infection.